Quick Facts About Sweetheart Jewelry
- The tradition of sending mementos home to loved ones from the war front began in during World War I and intensified during World War II.
- Sweetheart jewelry was machine made and sold to servicemen abroad, but many pieces were also handcrafted in the trenches.
- Although prices have risen during the recent past, many sweetheart jewelry pieces can be found reasonably priced.
- Reproductions are not prevalent in this collecting field, but as it continues to gain popularity it is always a good idea to be wary of items that seem too new or at prices too good to be true.
The Sweetheart Tradition
For soldiers during World Wars I and II, exchanging letters and mementos kept them connected with the home front and strengthened bonds with friends and loved ones back in the States. Many of the sentimental items that were sent home from servicemen are referred to as “sweetheart” collectibles now.
The tradition of sending home keepsake items actually started during World War I when the strain of the Great War made keeping in touch with the folks back home seem even more important. The sweetheart custom continued when the U.S. faced more formidable opponents during World War II. One of the favorite ways to show patriotism and feel close to those serving our country was expressed through wearing a special piece of jewelry reflecting the branch of service a sweetheart, son or brother was representing. Whether in the form of a necklace, bracelet or pin, these patriotic symbols provide a heart-felt look back at the 1940s and beyond.
The Collectors of Sweetheart Jewelry
Often found at military collecting shows, those familiar with service symbols have traditionally been attracted to these items more often than avid jewelry collectors. More and more, however, jewelry lovers and other collectors are beginning to appreciate these sentimental treasures.
For many people, wearing these mementos in interesting groupings to celebrate patriotic holidays adds festivity and flair while offering a fond reminder of the veterans they represent. Others just want to replace a familiar item lost during years gone by and purchase the piece as soon as it is rediscovered. For these reasons along with the revived appreciation for patriotism in the U.S., the popularity and price of sweetheart jewelry has risen during the past five to ten years. Like most other crossover collecting interests, this can be expected when the same limited group of items entertains more than one audience.
A Reflection of History
A unique aspect of sweetheart jewelry comes with the identifiable history immediately associated with these pieces. No matter who the pieces originally belonged to, there are some inherent factors that went into the thought, manufacture and subsequent distribution of these treasures that most anyone can appreciate.
These collectibles represent an era where practically the entire country backed the war effort. Women moved into factory positions while children were mounting ration campaigns. Working together to achieve a goal never meant more. A soldier gave this jewelry to someone special as a gesture of love and remembrance. And many times the piece would signify his general location, like the South Pacific, or his branch of military service.
Sweetheart Jewelry Manufacturing
The lack of materials available for jewelry manufacturing led them to get creative. Many pieces are constructed of inexpensive wire, natural materials such as mother of pearl, hand carved wood or anything else readily available. Many pieces handcrafted by lonely service personnel made their way back home. These are often referred to as "trench art," since some of them were literally made in the trenches overseas.
Even the machine made pieces crafted of sterling silver tell a tale, since practically all other metals found a place on ration lists to be used for war machinery and weapons at that time. If you find a sterling piece from World War II, it was likely made outside the United States.
Symbolism in Sweetheart Jewelry
Since mothers also fell into the sweetheart category as far as gift giving goes, lots of this jewelry simply bears the "Mother" designation. Some pieces worn by family were also adorned with stars, one for each member serving. Pins showing more than four stars are fairly hard to come by. Every piece comes with a story to tell, the secret comes with decoding the symbolism.
"Keepsake items remind us that wars are fought by human beings. Jewelry and collectibles are proof that war extends beyond the battlefield and help us realize just how much the lives of large numbers of civilians were significantly altered as they worked together for the survival of our free world," Nick Snider wrote in Sweetheart Jewelry and Collectibles.
Further Research on Sweetheart Items
Nick Snider penned a couple of good books on sweetheart jewelry through Schiffer Publishing several years ago. One of these titles offers information more specifically on jewelry, while the other book shows jewelry along with sweetheart items such as compacts, pillow slips and gift items. Other than these reference guides, there isn't an abundance information available on this specific topic, except for a few guides on militaria offering a brief overview.